Bianka  Restás

Bianka Restás

International Relations Manager
  restas.bianka@ajtk.hu

Restás Bianka is an expert on international relations, who obtained her BA and MA degrees in International Relations at the Corvinus University of Budapest and specialized in European integration and diplomacy. Currently, she is member of the EU–V4 Office of the Antall József Knowledge Centre. Her main research interest is Italy, with special focus on the management of international migration and the question of refugees, as well as the country’s domestic political processes and foreign affairs.

Italian foreign policy

Italian foreign policy

Priorities and challenges after the general elections

Shortly after the Italian general elections, many analysts predicted that the country should be prepared for a long negotiation process that could even take few months. After the negotiations, a new, unprecedented gov­erning-coalition took the responsibility to lead Italy for the next five years. In fact, the two most voted parties, the Five Stars Movement (Movimento Cinque Stelle, M5S) and the League (Lega), which expressed a strong anti-establishment and Eurosceptic rhetoric, merged their programmes and made an agreement for “changing the country.”

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A Conte-kormány Költségvetési Terve

A Conte-kormány Költségvetési Terve

Az olasz „gazdasági manőver” felé vezető rögös út hátteréről

A Conte-kormány megalakulását követő hónapokban az olasz belpolitika legtöbbet tárgyalt kérdési között kiemelt helyen szerepelt az elkövetkezendő időszakra vonatkozó költségvetési terv, illetve az annak kidolgozását, tartalmát, gyakorlatba ültetését és jövőbeli hatásait latolgató viták. Az ősz folyamán a büdzsétervezet nem kizárólag Olaszországban vezetett belpolitikai feszültségekhez, de Róma és Brüsszel között is jelentős konfliktust eredményezett.

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Regional Dimensions of the Belt  and Road Initiative

Regional Dimensions of the Belt and Road Initiative

The aim of present paper is to analyse and compare different approaches to the challenges and opportunities that Europe and Asia face in terms of connectivity, especially in the light of China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), as well as the EU’s Asia-Europe connectivity plan. The paper primarily focuses on the economic, political, and geopolitical dimensions of the topics at hand. Firstly, the authors touch upon different approaches to connectivity and compare the EU’s connectivity plan and BRI. Secondly, the developments of BRI will be presented along with actual cases that show how BRI projects have been realized so far.

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Outlook 2020

Outlook 2020

Perspectives for the next year from the Antall József Knowledge Centre Research Team

This year, New Years’ Eve will not only see a regular new year coming but the closing of a whole decade. The aggregate analysis of the AJRC research group points toward specific likely conclusions about the world which suggest 2020 to be a concluding year of the problems of the 2010s. Many of those issues that characterised international relations for quite some time have now reached a point of rest—though not resulted in a definitive outcome.

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Towards a more sustainable and effective migration management?  (Ursula von der Leyen’s proposals to rethink migration and asylum policies in Europe)

Towards a more sustainable and effective migration management? (Ursula von der Leyen’s proposals to rethink migration and asylum policies in Europe)

Migration and refugee movements have gained increasing global attention in the last few years. According to the European Parliament, in recent years Europe has had to address the most serious migratory challenge since the end of the Second World War, while in 2016 the United Nations described the migratory challenge as the “worst refugee crisis since the end of WWII.” The unprecedented arrival of refugees and irregular migrants in the EU, which peaked in 2015, has revealed a series of weaknesses and gaps in EU policies on asylum, external borders and migration, and consequently has generated various debates and deep divisions among the European Union’s Member States.

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Global Demographic Outlook 2020 – Demographic Perspectives from the Antall József Knowledge Centre Research Team

Global Demographic Outlook 2020 – Demographic Perspectives from the Antall József Knowledge Centre Research Team

Global population witnessed an unprecedented growth in recent decades. From reaching 4 billion in 1974, 6 billion in 1999 and 7.8 billion people this year, the world’s population is set to reach the 8-billion mark in the very near future. This rapid growth will affect less developed nations the most; however, in strong contrast, economically advanced countries across the globe will witness a sharp drop in population, due to a set of mutually-aligned trends. Fertility rates under the 2.0-2.1 threshold required for a stable reproduction rate, combined with an increasing life expectancy, mean that these states will not only have fewer citizens, but will also have to find a solution for the increasing pressure on their current pension system, as a declining number of workers will have to support a growing number of pensioners.

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Discussion on Europe’s Future  in the post-COVID-19 era

Discussion on Europe’s Future in the post-COVID-19 era

National Perspectives

The European Union struggles to fight the recent period of different types of crises (polycrisis), as described by several books, papers and arguments in the scientific literature. The primary reasons of the European economic crisis are the global financial crisis of 2008, the Greek sovereign debt crisis, the prolonged reform process of the bank union and the lack of fiscal policy integration.

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Nemzeti álláspontok Európa jövőjéről  a poszt-COVID érában

Nemzeti álláspontok Európa jövőjéről a poszt-COVID érában

A gazdasági válság hátterében a 2008-as világgazdasági változások, a görög szuverén adósság válság, az európai bankunió régóta halogatott reformja és a fiskális politika integrációjának hiánya áll. A migrációs válság oka főként a korábban nem tapasztalt mértékű menekültáradat, amelynek hátterében a küldő országok romló gazdasági (Koszovó, Albánia, Banglades, Pakisztán) és biztonsági (Szíria, Irak, Afganisztán) helyzete áll. A különböző történelmi és kulturális tapasztalatokkal bíró tagállamok társadalmai (a volt gyarmat­tartók és a poszt-kommunista félperiféria) eltérő módon reagáltak a kihívásra, ami aláásta az európai szolidaritást, felerősítve a korábban is létező feszültségeket.

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Italy in the era of COVID-19 pandemic: Let’s put Europe’s Sick Man  back on its Feet

Italy in the era of COVID-19 pandemic: Let’s put Europe’s Sick Man back on its Feet

September marks the first year in office of the second Conte government. The frail Italian coalition executive, born out of necessity at the end of a very turbulent summer, although still including the Five Stars Movement (M5S) as its largest party, took a totally different political direction from the previous “green-yellow” governing experiment. In fact, Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, despite being once again at the head of a populist-led coalition, has succeeded in giving his executive a more moderate mark, marginalising the most radical elements inside the M5S and shifting the centre of gravity of the government more to the centre-left.

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The Global Effects of the  COVID-19 Pandemic

The Global Effects of the COVID-19 Pandemic

Selected Analyses by the Antall József Knowledge Centre Research Team

The unprecedented extent of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19 or also referred to as SARS-CoV 2) caught most of the experts by surprise. From its first appearance in late 2019 in Asia to its quick spread to other continents in early 2020 the pandemic made an unprecedented mark on global affairs in the 21st century. The researchers of the Antall József Knowledge Centre produced a set of short analyses in the past months that take a specific look at the widespread effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. From international relations to the future of the tourism and fashion industry, from the Middle East to the Western Balkans the prolonged presence of the virus is and will affect a large segment of our political, economic and social discourse.

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A COVID-19 járvány globális hatásai

A COVID-19 járvány globális hatásai

Az Antall József Tudásközpont kutatócsapatának válogatott elemzései

A legtöbb szakértőt meglepetésként érte a globális koronavírus (COVID-19, SARS-CoV 3) járvány példátlan ütemű elterjedése. 2019 végén való ázsiai megjelenését követően a járvány hamar elérte a világ távoli szegleteit is 2020 első felében, példátlan mértékben befolyásolva mindennapjainkat. Az Antall József Tudásközpont kutatói az elmúlt hónapokban rövid elemzéseket készítettek, amelyek egyes konkrét kérdésekben vették górcső alá a COVID-19 járvány széles körű hatásait. A nemzetközi kapcsolatoktól kezdve a turisztikai és divatipar jövőjéig, a Közel-Keleten át a Nyugat-Balkánig a vírus várhatóan hosszan eltartó jelenléte mély hatást fog gyakorolni a politikai, gazdasági és társadalmi diskurzusok döntő többségére.

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